Regulatory Writing: Overview, Importance, and Tips

Regulatory Writing: Overview Regulatory writers create an extensive range of clinical documents during the life process of a probable treatment, beginning with the description and report of the data from clinical tests, by making regulatory submission documents, and,...

Osteoarthritis: Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Osteoarthritis is a very common form of joint disease, which affects millions of people across the world. It occurs when cartilage degenerates from joint bones. Therefore, it is also known as osteoarthrosis or degenerative arthritis. Osteoarthritis is characterized by...

Vasculitis: Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Vasculitis, a group of diseases, causes inflammation in the blood vessels and results in weakening, thickening, narrowing or scarring of blood vessels. There are various types of vasculitis, and most of the types are rare. The causes of vasculitis are generally...

Scleroderma: Symptoms, Types, Diagnosis and Treatment

Scleroderma is also known as systemic sclerosis. It is a chronic autoimmune rheumatic disease of connective tissues. In this disease, a protein, collagen, is formed in the excessive amount in the extracellular spaces between the connective tissues. This results in the...

Hernia: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Hernia is a common condition which occurs due to weakness in the muscular wall which holds the part of organ or tissue in place and forms lump or bulge. Hernia may be congenital (present during birth) due to defective development of the abdominal wall or may develop...

An Alzheimer’s Vaccine: Not far From Becoming Reality

Alzheimer's is a chronic degenerative disease that destroys many important mental functions, such as memory, thinking, behaviour, and learning capability. The prevalence of Alzheimer’s is 50% to 75%, mainly affecting people aged ≥ 65 years. The progression of this...

Overactive bladder : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Overactive bladder is a chronic condition which causes a sudden need to urinate or leakage of urine when the muscles of the bladder contract involuntarily pushing the urine out of the bladder. This contraction may occur due to damaged nerves of the bladder, the...

Kidney stone: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

A kidney stone is a very common disease in which solid mass or pebble-like piece which develops when the excretion of minerals and salts or stone-forming substances such as calcium, oxalate, cysteine, phosphate, and urate are increased in the urine. These substances...

Ulcerative Colitis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Ulcerative colitis, an inflammatory bowel disease, is a chronic disease that causes irritation, inflammation and sores (ulcers) on the inner side of large intestine and rectum. These sores can produce pus and bleed, resulting in the severe ulcerative colitis. Causes...

Wart : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

A wart is an abnormal small growth on the skin, which is caused by the virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). Warts can appear at any age and anywhere on the body but commonly appear on the hands and feet and in children and teenagers. The shape of wart looks like a...

World Sickle Cell Day

  Every year on 19 June, World Sickle Cell Day is celebrated to increase public awareness about the sickle cell disease, diagnosis, and treatment methods. It was organized by the United Nation in 2008 and first time celebrated on 19 June 2009. Sickle cell disease...

Psoriasis : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Psoriasis is a common autoimmune skin disease that builds up skin cell rapidly on the surface of the skin. The overgrowth of the skin cells causes red, flaky, and scaly patches that are itchy and sometimes cause pain. Patches can appear anywhere on the skin but...

Encephalitis : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Encephalitis is a rare, life-threatening disease which causes inflammation in the brain by either virus infection or immune system mistakenly destroys the healthy brain cell instead of the infected cell. Rarely, it can also be caused by a bacterial or fungal...

Vitiligo : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Vitiligo is a common skin disease in which the immune system of the body destroys the cells that produce pigment (melanin) in the skin due to which skin loses its color and forms irregular white patches on the skin. It mostly affects the areas that are rubbed or...

Shingles: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Shingles is a viral skin infection that results in a painful rash. Although it can occur on any part of the body, it appears most commonly in the form of blisters wrapped around the right or left side of the torso. Causes of Shingles It is caused by a virus namely...

Acne: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Acne is a very common skin disease as everyone gets it at some point in life. It occurs when pores of the skin or hair follicles block with skin oil, bacteria, or dead skin cells and cause pimples, oily skin, blackheads or whiteheads mostly on the face, chest, neck,...

Crohn’s Disease: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Crohn’s disease is a disease which causes long-term inflammation of the digestive tract. It usually affects the large and small intestine but can also affect the other parts of the digestive tract like the mouth and anus. The exact cause of the disease is not known,...

Lupus: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Lupus is an autoimmune disease that results when the body’s immune system attacks healthy tissues and organs. Usually, the function of the immune system is to protect the body against infections, but in the case of lupus, the immune system acts abnormally and attacks...

Most Common Parasitic Infections

A parasite is an organism that depends and lives in/on the other organisms called the host. Without a host, the parasite is not able to live. Parasites may be microorganisms (eg, malarial parasite) or may not be (worm parasites). Worldwide, millions of people get...

Myasthenia Gravis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Myasthenia gravis is a rare neuromuscular disease that causes muscles weakness by interrupting the connection between nerves and muscles. These muscles are mainly responsible for the movement of arms, eyes, and, legs, facial expression, talking, chewing, and...

Muscular Dystrophy: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Muscular dystrophy is a group of muscle diseases which is characterized by progressive muscle weakness and breakdown of muscle mass over time. In this condition, mutated or abnormal genes interfere with the production of protein i.e. dystrophin, which is helpful for...

Hepatic Fibrosis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Hepatic fibrosis is a complication in which scar tissue is formed abnormally in the liver due to repeated liver injury. When the liver is injured, the hepatic cells at the location of the injury die off, leaving behind a mesh of connective tissue. Normally, the liver...

OSTEOPOROSIS: Symptoms, Diagnoses and Treatment

Osteoporosis is a bone disease characterized by the decreased bone density that occurs when the body loses too much bone or unable to produce sufficient new bones. As a result, bones become weak and therefore, increase the risk of bone fracture. When a bone breaks...

Diabetes: Symptoms, Diagnoses and Treatment

Diabetes is a condition of elevated glucose levels in the blood. A blood glucose level of 72-99 mg/dL after overnight fasting is considered as normal, a glucose level between 100-125 mg/dL is a sign of prediabetes and a glucose level >125 mg/dL is a sign of diabetes....

Gout: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnoses and Treatment

Gout is a type of arthritis which develops when a high level of uric acid deposits in the body and forms needle-like crystals in the joints and therefore, causes swelling and severe pain in the joints, often the joint at the base of the big toe. Gout occurs mostly in...

Allergic Rhinitis : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Allergic rhinitis or hay fever is a disease in which a person rapidly develops cold-like symptoms after coming in contact with certain substances (allergens). The symptoms occur because the body’s immune system reacts against an allergic substance(s). Allergic...

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the healthy cells in the body, which leads to inflammation. It primarily affects joints mainly in the wrist, hands, and feet and causes pain, swelling,...

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a digestive system disorder in which a person experiences multiple symptoms that impacts his/her daily life. Irritable bowel syndrome affects 10-15% of the population around the world, but the exact cause of IBS is unknown. The...

Overview of Pain Management

Pain is an unpleasant sensual signal arises in the brain due to tissue damage. Nowadays, pain is a very common problem which hampers the work, sleep, activities and also spoils the quality of time with family and friends. Therefore, pain management is necessary to...

Most Common Skin Diseases and Their Diagnosis

Skin is an essential part of the human body. It protects the body from various environmental hazards. Skin diseases are common as this is the largest organ among the integumentary system’s organs in the human body. Dermatology deals with the skin and skin related...

3D Medical Animation: Areas of Application

Medical animation is an instructional or training tool used by the wide audience such as healthcare professionals, patients, students, etc. It is prepared as a short educational film or video that explains the health topics and complex medical processes more easily...

Obstacles and Opportunities in Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a brain disorder that slowly destroys memory and thinking abilities. It generally appears older population (during the mid-60s). In the United States, it is estimated that >5 million people are affected by AD. The commonly reported early...

Innovative and Adaptive Designs in Clinical Studies

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had noted a decreased number of submissions for new drugs in 2004. This had raised FDA concern as pharmaceutical companies were slowly abandoning research for potentially life-saving drugs. The decreased interest of companies...

Challenges and Emerging Opportunities in Cancer

Cancer is a condition in which the abnormal cells start to grow uncontrollably with the potential to destroy healthy tissues of the body. It is the 2nd leading cause of death in the world; about 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer. However, no specific cause has been...

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