World Sickle Cell Day
Every year on 19 June, World Sickle Cell Day is celebrated to increase public awareness about the sickle cell disease, diagnosis, and treatment methods. It was organized by the United Nation in 2008 and first time celebrated on 19 June 2009. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a common genetic disease which affects red blood cells, and the cells become sickle-shaped which blocks the blood flow which causes pain. It has affected millions worldwide and has become a big public health issue.
Medical Animation showing Sickle cell
Facts Need to Know about Sickle cell Disease this World Sickle Cell Day
- Globally, about 25 million people are affected by SCD.
- The prevalence of SCD is high in developing countries, mainly Africa and India, where about 1000 infants born with SCD every year and 50% to 90% of them die in early age (<5 years).
- In the United States, more than 100,000 people are affected with SCD, and about 3000 newborns born with SCD every year.
- Approximately 15,000 people have SCD in the UK and about 300 babies are born every year.
- The prevalence of SCD is about 45% in Uganda, between 20% to 30% in countries such as Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Ghana, Gabon, and Nigeria, and approximately 1.2% in the Eastern province.